Structural heart surgery is the undergoing of surgery requiring median sternotomy (surgery to divide the breastbone) on the advice of a Consultant Cardiologist, to correct any structural abnormality of the heart. 

The surgical division of the breastbone and the opening up of the chest wall, for the purpose of correcting a structural abnormality of the heart, for example, the surgical correction of a ventricular septal defect.

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